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How prices are formed

Diesel

Production with the fuel you use today started 10 years ago.

Petrobras Share

Get to know the journey of Oil to understand the price of diesel.

Producing the fuel you use today starts with the discovery of reservoirs and the construction and installation of platforms up to 300 km from the coast, to extract the oil that is up to 7 thousand meters deep. From there, the oil goes to refineries, where it is transformed into derivatives, including diesel of low sulfur content (S10). 
 

The data are public and you can consult them whenever you want, here or on the ANP website.

Taxes

After the refinery, the diesel is sold to distributors, and taxes are included.

After being produced, the fuels are sold to distributors, at which point the fuel taxes are added. Federal taxes are CIDE, PIS/PASEP and COFINS.¹ 
 
In addition to them, the state tax is also added, in this case, the ICMS, which is incorporated into the amount charged at the refineries following the tax substitution rule and considering the Weighted Average Price to the Final Consumer (PMPF) defined by the States. 

Value of federal taxes:

R$ 0.0¹

Value of ICMS:

R$ 0.78

1. As determined by Complementary Law No. 192/2022, federal taxes for diesel and biodiesel are zeroed until 12/31/2022. 

Biodiesel

Distributors then need to add biodiesel to diesel.

Fuel distributors buy type “A” diesel from refineries. According to Brazilian legislation, automotive diesel must be mixed with biodiesel, a renewable fuel produced from vegetable oils or animal fats, forming diesel oil “B”, which is sold at gas stations.

The price of biodiesel² is freely negotiated between distributors and production plants. For 2022, the mandatory blending content of biodiesel is 10%.³  

Value of the biodiesel portion:

R$ 0.61

 
2. Biodiesel reference value R$0.00 per liter. Source: ANP. 


3. Composition considered: 90% diesel and 10% biodiesel.

Distribution and resale

Finally, distributors and dealers sell gasoline at gas stations.

At this stage, distributors and dealers add their own costs and profit margin to the previously paid prices.⁴ Under the 1997 Petroleum Law, pricing at all stages of the chain is free. 

Distribution and resale value:

R$ 1.03

4. The share of distribution and resale margins is estimated.

As you can see, Petrobras⁵ is responsible for a part of the price of your fuel, but other factors enter into the calculation of the price⁶ that reaches you. 

Average price > R$

7.5

R$ 1.03

( 13.8%)

Distribution and resale

R$ 0.61

( 8.2%)

Biodiesel

R$ 0.78

( 10.4%)

ICMS

R$ 0.0

( 0.0%)

Federal taxes

R$ 5.08

( 67.7%)

Petrobras share

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Average price in Brazil: R$ 7,51

5. Petrobras elaboration based on ANP data , based on the average prices of S-10 diesel from Petrobras (diesel A) and the average prices of S-10 diesel to the final consumer (diesel B) in the 26 states and the Federal District (DF). 

6. Period of collection of 24/07/2022 to 30/07/2022

*See price by state

*States where Petrobras has supply points for distributors
Ver formação de preço

Price of Diesel Oil at the Refinery — Petrobras Share:

(Petrobras share)

5.08

Price with taxes:

5.86

Price with biodiesel:

6.47

Final price with distributor and resale margin:

7.5

Preço Final com ICMS

(acréscimo de 26,3% no valor)

6,66

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Understand how prices are formed

Gasoline

Diesel

Cooking gas (GLP)

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